Epilepsy

Epilepsy Overview

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that substantially influences the central nervous system; it typically causes abnormal brain activity which can lead to seizures, moments of unpredictable behavior or feelings, and loss of consciousness.


Generally described as a spectrum condition, the effects and severity of epilepsy are different for individuals; it produces a broad range of seizures of various types and control. The frequency of these unpredictable seizures can also lead to other health issues.


Approximately 3.4 million Americans live with epilepsy and nearly 65 million people globally; it’s the fourth most common type of neurological disorder with every 1-in-26 Americans developing epilepsy at some point in their lives.


Epilepsy affects people of all ages; however, most new cases develop with children – primarily through early childhood.


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There is no exact identifiable cause to the development of epilepsy, but some factors trace to genetics in which the affected part of the brain and the type of seizure experienced is hereditary. A traumatic injury to the head may also induce epileptic seizures.


Some damaging, brain conditions like a stroke or tumors may cause epilepsy; sources also indicate that strokes lead in the development of epilepsy in adults over 30 years old.


Additionally, infectious diseases like AIDS or meningitis may also cause epilepsy. Brain damage from a prenatal injury could also result in epilepsy or even cerebral palsy; babies’ brains are highly sensitive before birth, and factors like oxygen deficiency, malnutrition, or infection through the mother can cause irreversible effects.


Development disorders – including autism – have also become linked to inducing epileptic seizures.


Overall, unusual neuron activity within the brain triggers seizures and epilepsy; these activities may result from several things like irregular brain development or injury, swelling, and infection inside the brain. But nearly 50 percent of people living with epilepsy are of unknown causes





What Are The Symptoms Of Epilepsy

Seizures are the most typical symptoms of epilepsy; they become triggered by abnormal activity in the brain and can significantly affect brain functionality. A seizure may cause involuntary jerking movements, a loss of awareness, staring spasms, temporary confusion, and cognitive discomforts such as anxiety or fear.


An individual living with epilepsy will typically experience the same type of seizure for each episode with similar symptoms. And in general, there are two broad types of seizures based on the abnormal activity from the brain:


• Generalized seizures


A generalized seizure causes disturbances in all areas of the brain, and there are six subtypes:


Tonic-clonic seizures cause abrupt unconsciousness, unrestrained bladder control, tongue biting, and body shaking or stiffness; it is the most physically expressive type of seizure also known as grand-mal.


Absence seizures cause staring spells or slight movements like lip-smacking or eye-blinking, and brief unconsciousness; they typically occur in clusters and within children – once referred to as petit-mal.


Myoclonic seizures cause sharp jerking or twitching of an individual’s legs and arms for a brief moment.

Tonic seizures cause muscles to tighten up severely; these affected muscles are typically in the arms, legs, and back – making it easy to fall suddenly.


Clonic seizures cause jerk-like, muscle movements that are rhythmic or repetitious; these seizures affect the face, arms, and neck.


Atonic seizures cause loose muscle control which may cause the individual to fall abruptly – also known as drop seizures.


• Focal seizures


A focal seizure focuses on a specific area from only one side of the brain. More than half of the people with epilepsy experience focal seizures; it is also possible for them to develop into generalized seizures.


Focal seizures may not cause any loss of consciousness; however, they may change how the five senses interpret objects or alter feelings. Additionally, they can cause uncontrollable jerking and unexpected sensory complications.


Focal seizures may also include some unconsciousness; the individual may stare off into the distance and become unresponsive or enact repetitive gestures.


Symptoms of focal seizures may also resemble traits from other neurological conditions like narcolepsy or migraines. Only an extensive medical exam can identify epilepsy from other diseases.





CBD For Epilepsy and Seizures – How It Helps

CBD – one of the many cannabinoid elements from Cannabis sativa – is an all-natural, nonintoxicating compound extracted from industrial hemp containing less than 0.3% THC content.


The beneficial properties of CBD typically start to activate when the molecules come into contact the endocannabinoid system (ECS); this system comprises of several cannabinoid receptors that help the human body maintain a healthy balance between itself and outside environments.


Scientific researchers suggest that the therapeutic and valuable traits of CBD are useful for treatment-resistant epilepsy. Their reports explain that the organic release of cannabinoids within the human body is effective against neuron pollution linked to inducing seizures.


Further observations revealed that the ECS responds dynamically during seizures to reclaim and maintain neurological balance, and CBD may help significantly with the ECS response to possibly lower epilepsy-related mortality.


With high-concentrated CBD, results from a published study recorded that 80 percent of its participants with treatment-resistant epilepsy experienced lower frequencies of epileptic seizures while another 10 percent appeared to be symptom-free.





CBD Dosage For Epilepsy

CBD products are available for a variety of different uses – getting the right dosage of CBD for epilepsy will change for every individual. The sufficient amounts of CBD will require the physical and mental evaluation of the person and the severity of the symptoms.


It’s best to discuss with your primary care provider about starting or making any substantial changes to your health care routine.





Summary

Epilepsy is a spectrum, neurological condition that disrupts regular brain activity in very different ways and severity for individuals. Millions of people in American live with epilepsy, and there is no recognizable cause of epilepsy.


Epileptic symptoms group into broad categories with each one having a subgroup. People living with epilepsy well most likely go through the same symptoms for each epileptic episode. Some symptoms may appear similar to other health conditions.


Research implies that the beneficial features of CBD could help with treatment-resistant epilepsy by reinforcing the effects from the ECS when responding to the central nervous system during an epileptic episode.


The right dose of CBD is different for each person. Finding the correct amount relies on starting with a small amount and work your way towards larger doses with each use.